- EPITHETS AS A CHARACTERISTIC MEANS OF ADDRESSEE IN PANEGYRICS OF THE XVII CENTURY
EPITHETS AS A CHARACTERISTIC MEANS OF ADDRESSEE IN PANEGYRICS OF THE XVII CENTURY
Hrytsyna S. V., Ph.D in Philology,
Assistant ESC “Institute of Biology and Medicine” of Taras Shevchenko National University of Кyiv
The article analyzes epithets as one of the aestheticization means of baroque text, used to characterize panegyrics addressee of the XVII century. The functional load of epithets and their main source have been found out. As most individuals to whom panegyrics are devoted had high church status and/or have expressed themselves in matters of faith and church support, the epithets of religious orientation prevail.
A review of epithets compatibility is made, which is divided into direct and indirect according to the addressee. The epithets of direct compatibility are mainly correlated with the name of the addressee or his metaphorical characteristic. Indirect compatibility occurs when epithets do not form a phrase with the name of the addressee, but characterize its virtues on a semantic level. Also, an analysis scheme of epithets variable compatibility with the words in panegyrics of the XVII century is given.
In accordance with the text-centric principle, the article presents the epithetical characteristics of specific addressees in comparison with other texts (panegyrics or sermons of the XVII century). The virtues of panegyric addressees, mainly clerics, were determined based on the analyzed text material (Mykhailo Rohoza, Yelysei Pletenetskyi, Petro Mohyla, Arsenii Zhelyborskyi, Petro Konashevych-Sahaidachnyi).
The analysis of the epithets shows that the mental space of the Baroque conditioned the epithetical characteristics of the panegyric addressees of the ХVІІ century, emphasizing such constants as piety, the defense of faith, devotion to faith and a church, justice, patronage, mercy, leniency, strength of character, etc.
Thus, the specificity of epithets in panegyrics is defined by the religious discourse of the Baroque times. Holy Scripture as a source of epithets guaranteed the authoritativeness of the characteristics attributed to the addressees of high church status (in panegyrics and sermons). Baroque innovations of epithets are in reinterpretation, creation of new meanings.
Keywords: epithet, panegyric, sermon, the old Ukrainian literary language of the XVII century, text aesthetization.