- STRUCTURE AND SEMANTICS OF THE NAMES DENOTING PARTS OF PROCESSES IN GERMAN AND ENGLISH
STRUCTURE AND SEMANTICS OF THE NAMES DENOTING PARTS OF PROCESSES IN GERMAN AND ENGLISH
Materynska O.V., Dr. habil., Professor Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
This paper deals with the research of the structure and semantics of the names denoting parts of processes in German and English, which are parts of the meronymy system (names denoting parts of the whole). The lexical units under analysis belong to the vocabulary of the standard language, but are also observed in different terminological systems, thus their meaning for the inter-branch terminology is evidently huge. The analysed thematic group of meronyms is a joint link between semantics of verb and noun (concrete and abstract). They combine the meaning of process, temporality and locativity with partitive meaning. The research highlights the special status of meronymic relations different from other types of semantic relations in the lexical system of language: hyper-hyponymic and possesiv.
KEY WORDS: meronym, meronymy, hyper-hyponymy, taxonomy, polysemy, index of polysemy, metaphor, metonymy.