- SPACE IMAGINATION IN TOPONYMIC DEIXIS IN 1728 YEAR HETMAN D. APOSTOL TRAVELOGUE
SPACE IMAGINATION IN TOPONYMIC DEIXIS IN 1728 YEAR HETMAN D. APOSTOL TRAVELOGUE
Mishchenko Y. V., Master’s student,
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
In the article expression of space imagination with toponyms based on Ukrainian Hetman Danylo Apostol travel journal (1728 year) is considered. The travel journal of the 1728 year belongs to dairy or travelogue which was very popular in European culture in the XVIII century. In the research short characteristics of this type of Cossack chronicle are explained. Toponymic deixis (a part of space) is always used with temporal and personal deixis in the narration. This article shows an attempt to make a complex typology of toponyms and similar topography objects in Ukrainian lands and Eastern and South-Eastern Europe. In the paper «geographical centre» i.e. where hold the biggest number of events of narration were analyzed. An analysis shows that the toponymic deixis centre of narration was in Hetman capital Hlukhiv city. Also, it was given a short explanation of a term horod (город) in this dairy. This research finds grammar categories and lexical tools expressing events and a person’s movement in, between or near towns, villages and other geographical objects. It investigates a category of a forest when it becomes a toponym with own location and characteristics. In this article considered how the author of travel journal marks familiar and far people settlement and in what way writer points well-determined and symbolic spaces. It concluded a strong correlation in detailed description (with name of type and for unknown (for the author or his potential readers) towns. A content analysis demonstrates aspects of using the most common words «Malaya Roseya» and «Ukraina» marking Ukrainian Hatmanate territory. Comparing using names of Cossack state and Ukrainians lands («Malaya Roseya» and «Ukraina») with other dairies of the same epoch and the same social group testify political and ideological views of travelogue‘s author.
Keywords: deixis, toponymy, town, travelogue, space imagination.