Paradigmatic relations of the conceptual unit transformation

УДК 811.161.2’1

Hanna Zvonko, PhD (Philology),
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Paradigmatic relations of the conceptual unit transformation (pdf)

In the article the paradigmatic relations of the name of the TRANSFORMATION concept are defined and characterized on the basis of lexicographic works and text realizations. Synonymous with the conceptual unit of TRANSFORMATION lexemes objectify the phenomenon of transformation in the Ukrainian language, differentiating its expression by a set of conceptual features, such as: specificity / abstractness, spontaneity / purposefulness, procedurality and effectiveness, including various dimensions of transformations (in particular, ontological, social, individual).

Antonymous relations that verbalize the phenomenon of transformation form groups of antonyms in the Ukrainian language, corresponding to three types of opposition: express the gradual qualitative opposite and the opposite of coordinated concepts, the opposite direction of action or feature, complementary opposite, i.e. the opposite of concepts that complement each other. Since the TRANSFORMATION concept has a certain number of conceptual features, the hierarchy can be as complete as possible on many features.

According to the logical-conceptual criterion, the following types of ordering the conceptual features of the TRANSFORMATION concept are distinguished: 1) superordination (from a hierarchically higher notion) and subordination (from a hierarchically lower notion): transformation ↔ metamorphosis ↔ metempsychosis; 2) coordination (between notions that are simultaneously and directly attributed to the general superordinative notion) and diagonal relations (between opposite subordinate notions): transformation ↔ evolution / revolution; modification ↔ permutation / replacement / truncation / addition.

The paradigmatic relations of the concept name, as well as the syntagmatic relations, form the perinuclear zone of the TRANSFORMATION concept field. Placement in this part of the field occurs in the direction of movement from the core to the periphery, which hierarchizes synonyms (ideographic, stylistic, contextual) to the word-name of the concept and antonyms.

Keywords: cognitive linguistics, concept, paradigmatic relations, synonymy, antonymy, TRANSFORMATION.